Guiseppe Ceracchi
1760 - 1801
Ceracchi, an Italian sculptor who worked in England, the United States, and France, has been credited with creating one of the significant 18th-century images of Franklin.

In London, he worked on the exterior sculpture of Somerset House, and produced architectural ornament for Robert Adam. In the years from 1777 to 1779 he exhibited portrait busts and historical groups at London's Royal Academy, but was unsuccessful in efforts to be elected as an Associate of the Academy.

Several years of work in Europe were followed by travel to the United States in 1791. He aimed to create a series of busts of prominent public figures, traveling from Philadelphia to New York and Boston. His bust of Washington is the only one other than Houdon's that was made from life.

His peripatetic career took him throughout Europe. Settling in France in 1795, he rode out the last years of the Revolution, but was ultimately executed in 1801 as a member of a conspiracy against Napoleon.

Some information in this entry from Julius Brant, "Ceracchi,Guiseppe," Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, 7/6/2005, http://www.groveart.com/